See the question and my original answer on StackOverflow

If you're ok with a C# solution, you can use the Microsoft.Diagnostics.Tracing.TraceEvent nuget packagage. It's a wrapper over ETW (Event Tracing for Windows) events.

What happens is the Windows kernel traces everything, and you can get those traces in real time. But it's sometimes difficult to correlate them.

In your case, you're looking after file delete events, but unfortunately, these events have no process information attached to it, so I've used another event. Here is some sample code:

using System;
using Microsoft.Diagnostics.Tracing.Parsers;
using Microsoft.Diagnostics.Tracing.Session;

namespace TraceDeletes
    class Program
        static void Main(string[] args)
            if (TraceEventSession.IsElevated() != true)
                Console.WriteLine("To turn on ETW events you need to be Administrator, please run from an Admin process.");

            // we're watching that particular file
            string filePath = @"C:\temp\New Text Document.txt";
            ulong fileKey = 0;
            string processName = null;
            using (var session = new TraceEventSession("whatever"))
                // handle console CTRL+C gracefully
                Console.CancelKeyPress += (sender, e) => session.Stop();

                // we filter on events we need
                    KernelTraceEventParser.Keywords.DiskFileIO |

                // this event has no process information
                session.Source.Kernel.FileIOFileDelete += data =>
                    if (data.FileKey == fileKey)
                        Console.WriteLine(data.FileName + " was deleted by " + processName);
                        fileKey = 0;
                        processName = null;

                // this event has process information (id, name)
                // it happens before delete, of course
                // we remember the FileKey
                session.Source.Kernel.FileIOQueryInfo += data =>
                    if (string.Compare(data.FileName, filePath, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) == 0)
                        fileKey = data.FileKey;
                        processName = data.ProcessName;

                // runs forever, press CTRL+C to stop

If you create that "C:\temp\New Text Document.txt" file and delete it using Windows Explorer, you should see this:

C:\temp\New Text Document.txt was deleted by explorer

Note: ETW is of course usable using other languages, but it's much easier with this .NET library.